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A General History of the World: The Worl

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# 18.08.2022 - 02:49:58
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At this time the British with their power firmly established in India invaded neighboring countries The previous rulers of India with one exception did not try to expand beyond the sea because they lacked maritime power The British by contrast had no rivals in the eastern seas and they were backed by the vast resources of a United India As early as 1819 Sir Stamford Leffton had occupied Singapore on the Malay Peninsula The significance of this occupation was fully recognized at that time All you have to do is look at the map The place where we stayed completely flanked the Strait of Malacca and secured a passage for Agriculture our ships bound for China at all times and under all circumstances Singapore can become in the East what Malta is in the West The British then turned to Burma on the eastern border of India They fought three wars against the country the first in 1824 the second in 1852 and the last in 1886 which ended in the annexation of the country In addition to these outright conflations the British built a defensive network of alliances and spheres of influence around India Although the British pursued different policies under successive Conservative and Liberal governments they generally tried to establish a protective buffer zone around their Indian empire in order to guard against expansionist Russia in Central Asia This shows why they invaded Afghanistan in 1839 and 1879

In the end the British recognized the country's independence and gave it a financial aid in exchange for the right to control its foreign relations Similarly rumors of a Russian invasion of Tibet led the British to send an expedition to Tibet in 1904 As a result an agreement was reached whereby Tibet agreed not to recognize any foreign agents Further west the British repeatedly clashed with the Russians over their primary influence in Persia The struggle shifted back and forth until the two contenders reached the Anglo-Russian Agreement of 1907 which divided Persia into a British sphere of influence in the south a Russian sphere of influence in the north and a buffer zone in the center Lord Curzon Viceroy of India from 1899 to 1905 clearly and candidly stated the rationale behind these military operations and diplomatic arrangements India is like a fortress with the sea as its two great trenches and the mountains as its remaining walls However these fences often do not have a height that is difficult to exceed allowing people to pass through easily and on the other side of the fence there are gentle slopes with different widths and lengths We don't want to occupy it but we can't see it occupied by our enemies China Manufacturers We have every intention of keeping it in the hands of our allies and friends but if rivals and adversaries sneak up on it and place it directly under our walls we will have to intervene because a danger will gradually develop that may some day threaten our security The above is the secret of signing a position in Arabia Persia Afghanistan Tibet and as far east as Siam A commander who merely manned his fortress walls in India and did not look at them from a distance was a short-sighted man It may be added that the French were conquering

Indochina while the British were settling in and around India They forced the Chinese government to give up its claim of suzerainty to Indochina in 1883 Siam avoided foreign rule because of the British desire to maintain a buffer state between British Burma and French Indochina The East Indies were still under the rule of the Dutch who had occupied them from the Portuguese in the 17th century III British Rule We have seen the brutal exploitation of the East India Company in its initial administration of the areas of India under its control This outrage aroused public opinion in England; and this together with certain political reasons led Parliament in 1773 and 1784 to pass Acts placing the Company under the supervision of the Government in London The company continued in business and its employees and soldiers continued to govern and fight in India but the company performed its Food & Beverage duties under the watchful eyes of Parliament and the British government
The next change came in 1833 when the company lost its commercial monopoly and from then on it served mainly as an administrative agency for the king At this time the main privilege of the company and the reason for its existence lies in the appointment of civil personnel which constitutes a great and influential right to appoint officials An 1853 statute however eliminated this power of appointment by establishing a public competitive examination for the supplemental civil service

As a result the company's continued existence can hardly be justified and in fact many have predicted its early downfall There is no doubt that even if the Indian uprising of 1857 had not suddenly forced the British to make a decision the company would have been formally abolished in the end The uprising was not a national movement and a war of independence as some Indian writers have called it Rather it was primarily a military insurrection used by certain disgruntled princes and landowners whose interests had been harmed by the British Lord Dalhousie the governor from 1848 to 1856 ousted many of the princes causing unease and suspicion among those who remained Other groups were also unhappy the conservative sections of the Indian population were greatly disturbed by the introduction of railways and telegraph the opening of Western-style schools the aggressive activities of certain Christian missionaries the legal recognition of widow remarriage and the abolition of practices such as infanticide and levirate in which a widow burns herself on her husband's funeral pyre Sepoys the Indian soldiers who served in the British Army were also dissatisfied with the fact that they had been fighting in distant areas for a long time and had not received the perks of such service The adoption of bullets coated with tallow and lard was the spark that brought about the outbreak of the uprising as the coating of bullets with tallow and lard aroused resentment among Hindus and Muslims All these factors combined to give the uprising the dimensions of a popular uprising in certain scattered areas
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# 10.11.2023 - 16:23:10
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Party Jungspund
Beiträge: 48

# 20.11.2023 - 07:04:01
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